Depending on the cause, various treatments are available to couples who are having a hard time conceiving a child. There is no typical treatment plan; each case is unique. Based on your fertility check-up, we propose solutions adapted to your situation. Where possible, we prefer simple methods to start.
The four primary types of treatments are:
- Ovulation induction. In patients who have abnormally long menstual cycles (over 35 days) or anovulatory cycles, medication that induces ovulation is required. Depending on the case, this treatment generally makes it possible to conceive through sexual intercourse.
- Intrauterine insemination (IUI).: Conception can sometimes be facilitated by concentrating a semen sample and mechanically injecting it into the uterine cavity. Intrauterine insemination is often combined with increased ovulation.
- In vitro fertilization (IVF). This technique is used when:
- Failure to conceive persists, despite first-line treatments.
- Total fallopian tube obstruction cannot be corrected with surgery.
- Male infertility is severe.
- Endometriosis mechanically hinders the possibility of conception.
- The loss of ovarian function is associated with cancer treatment. In this particular situation, the eggs or embryos can be cryopreserved until the woman has recovered.
When performing an IVF, the eggs of the woman are collected and fertilized in the laboratory with the sperm of the partner/donor to create an embryo. The embryo is then placed in the uterus where it will implant and develop normally.
- Surgical procedures. Certain problems can sometimes be corrected with surgery: endometriosis, pelvic adherences, fibromas, uterine deformations, obstructed fallopian tubes, etc.