IUI, ICSI, PGD? Don't worry!
- Arcuate uterusA variant of the normal uterus for some experts, classified by others as a septate uterus.
- Bicornuate uterusA common uterine abnormality that is characterized by the formation of two uterine cavities. The uterus has a V shape instead of the inverted pear shape.
- BlastocystThe development stage of an embryo 5 to 7 days after fertilization.
- Chromosomal translocationA chromosomal translocation is a condition in which part of a chromosome is swapped or has broken off and reattached in another location.
- Corpus luteumFormed from the follicle that has just released a mature ovum (or egg). It secretes oestrogen and progesterone, which are both necessary for the proper course of pregnancy.
- CryopreservationA conservation process where cells, embryos or tissues are preserved by cooling to very low temperatures (-196°C) for use in the future.
- DNADeoxyribonucleic acid. Found in chromosomes, this macromolecule carries an individual’s genetic information.
- EjaculateThe semen discharged during ejaculation.
- EmbryoFirst development stage of an organism, from fertilization to complete differentiation of the organs, at the 8 th week of pregnancy.
- Endometrial cycle(or Uterine) : This cycle prepares the endometrium to receive the embryo in the event of fertilization. The start of the uterine cycle occurs with menstruation.
- EndometriosisAbnormal growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus that can spread to the fallopian tubes and the ovaries.
- EndometriumThe mucous membrane lining the internal wall of the uterus.
- Endovaginal ultrasoundA medical imaging technique in which an ultrasonic probe is placed into the vagina to examine the uterus and ovaries.
- EpididymisA duct located behind the testes. It allows for the conservation, maturation and transportation of sperm outside the body during ejaculation.
- Fertility preservationFreezing or cryopreservation of gametes (eggs or sperm) to use in the future.
- FolliclesLocated inside the ovaries, these tiny pockets of fluid contain the ova (or eggs).
- GameteA reproductive cell. The egg in women and the sperm in men.
- Gonadotropin hormonesHormones secreted by the pituitary gland, acting on the ovarian functions (i.e. LH – luteinizing hormone and FSH – follicle-stimulating hormone).
- HormonesChemical messengers secreted by certain specialized glands. They influence the functioning of organs located in other areas of the organism.
- ICSIIntra cytoplasmic sperm injection. This technique involves inserting a sperm into an egg using a very fine pipette to fertilize it
- IUIIntrauterine insemination. This painless procedure involves the insertion of motile sperm directly into the uterus through a catheter
- IVFIn vitro fertilization. Assisted reproduction technology which consists in fertilizing an egg with a sperm in the lab.
- MicrodeletionA genetic mutation characterized by the deletion of genetic material on a chromosome.
- Oocyte(or ovum): A female reproductive cell contained in an ovary.
- Ovarian cycleA series of biological events that take place each month in one of the two ovaries. The objective is to produce a mature oocyte.
- Ovarian hormonesThe hormones secreted by the ovaries: oestrogen, progesterone and inhibin.
- Ovarian hyperstimulation syndromeComplication related to the injection of hormones intended to stimulate ovulation in order to collect eggs.
- Ovulation inductionStimulation of ovulation using specialized drugs, such as anti-estrogens and gonadotropins.
- Ovum(or oocyte): A female reproductive cell contained in an ovary.
- Pelvis(adj. pelvic): The lower part of the trunk, including the lower abdomen and genital area.
- PGDPre-implantation genetic diagnosis. Genetic analysis of cells from the biopsied embryo. Healthy embryos that do not have a genetic defect can be transferred into the uterus afterward.
- Polycystic ovary syndromeCaused by a hormonal imbalance in women, this syndrome is characterized by irregular menstrual periods, increased facial and body hair, and the presence of acne. Numerous immature follicles are visible using ultrasound.
- Seminogram(or spermiogram) : Microscopic analysis of the sperm to evaluate mobility, concentration and the general condition of sperm.
- ThrombosisThe formation of a blood clot in a vein or artery.
- Unicornuate uterusA uterus that has a single fallopian tube and therefore a single ovary, instead of two.
- Uterine fibroidsBenign (non-cancerous) tumours located on the wall of the uterus.
- VaricoceleA varicocele is a variation of “normal” anatomy in which veins in the scrotum (the sac that holds the testicles) become enlarged and sometimes even visible. A varicocele can lead to reduced fertility or scrotal pain.
- ZyMōt™ZyMōt™ simulates the natural sperm migration in the female reproductive system. In order to imitate nature, ZyMōt™ facilitates the separation and preparation of motile sperm in assisted reproductive procedures.